Tobacco Potential as Renewable Energy Resources

A group of scientists from School of Biological Sciences, United Kingdom, found that one of tobacco species, i.e. Nicotiana glauca, produced a compound which could be utilized as biodiesel fuel. The compound could be directly utilized as fuel or processed to be other oil products. What is interesting from this species is that it can grow well in hot and barren condition. It does not need fertile area in order to reach its maximum size. In addition, it can grow in an area with the amount of rainfall of 200 mm per year or temperature of above 40 Celcius degrees.

“This is an important factor. It means that to propagate this species, we do not need to use fields which are for food plants,” Paul Fraser said, one of researchers from School of Biological Sciences. “Now, many farmers are afraid of losing some parts of their field used to cultivate biofuel-source plants. Our finding can overcome this issue,” he continued. From the preliminary study, it is known that Nicotiana glauca can grow in the condition of desert climate which is commonly around in United Arab Emirates, Northern Africa and several dry areas all over the globe. It is also ensured that Nicotiana glauca can become the source of bioethanol and biodiesel, which can be utilized as fuel in its native form. However, these kind of fuel are more commonly utilized as addictive substance to reduce particulation level, carbon monoxide and hydrocarbon in diesel-machine vehicle.

According to the data from International Energy Agency, biofuel has great potential to meet the need of fuel, up to more than a quarter of world fuel demand for transportation industry in 2050. European Union has prepared budget of 5,77 million Euro (about 71,8 billion Rupiah) to undertake an advanced study through MultiBioPro project, involving industrialist and academician partners. The project aims to explore the knowledge dealing with biological processes and increase the use of renewable energy resources. They hope that through this project, there will be such technology that can significantly reduce the consumption of fossil-based fuel, which can eventually reduce the emission of green-house gases.




The visit of China Tobacco National Corp to PT. Mangli Djaya Raya


The visit of China Tobacco National Corp to PT. Mangli Djaya Raya took place at July 13th, 2012. This visit aimed to carry out comparative study and identify further about the tobacco processing, begun from the fresh raw material until the ready-exported tobacco leave.

Arriving at around 8 a.m, the delegation of CNTC straightaway headed up to The Central Office of PT. Mangli Djaya Raya located at Bangsalsari, Jember. The delegation were welcomed by Vice President, Mr Christian Adi Njoto Njoo and Sales Manager Mr. Leo Mardjuki. Having introduced the company profile of PT. Mangli Djaya Raya, they afterwards accompanied the delegation to take company tour so as to know more closely each part of production facility.

All delegation members seemed to be enthusiastic in observing every explanation delivered by Mr. Christian and team about the stages of tobacco processing in PT. Mangli Djaya Raya. According to those explanation, there are five stages required to process fresh tobacco to be ready-marketed product. These stages are as follows: Sorting and blending, Reconditioning and redrying, Picking, Moisture testing and chemical analyzing, Packaging

CNTC delegations also see the process of making a cigar and variety of tobacco produced by MDR. After the introduction of tobacco production process had been done, the visit agenda was concluded by lunch. At the end of this visit, all delegation members were quite content for entirely valuable information and new insight they got during the visit.

Tobacco Planting Gathering

Continuing the agenda of tobacco planting programme in Unit of PT. Mangli Djaya Raya, it was held tobacco planting gathering in Petung 1 Warehouse Unit on May 19th, 2012. The aim of activity was to introduce the way of tobacco cultivation, including its planting and treatment process. In the other words, we were introduced on how to be the real tobacco farmer at that day.

Tobacco seeds used for this planting were cultivated in Sebanen Warehouse. This activity was followed by all of MDR employees, comprising warehouse, factory and office employees. At 7.30 AM, we gathered in the side-yard of Petung 1 Warehouse. We took seed in the plant bag. For easing the alignment, we used a plastic rope from one point to another one. In every 100 m, there was red-colour plastic rope which marked the planting point of tobacco seed. Other than MDR employees, we were also helped by female labourers from Petung 1 Warehouse as the host.

There was an ambience of togetherness felt during tobacco planting gathering. Hopefully through this activity, we could complete our insight on tobacco cultivation, give sincere appreciation for our partners, especially tobacco farmers, and strengthen closeness and togetherness amongst the employees of PT. MDR.


Germany To Absorb Indonesian Tobacco

Indonesian Government stated that Germany would accept tobacco import from Indonesia, after USA closed its market for Indonesian tobacco. All this time, USA was being the main destination country of Indonesian tobacco export which constituted the largest portion.

The Minister of Finance Agus Martowardojo said that this statement was expressed by Germany delegation visiting Indonesia several weeks ago.

“Yesterday, Germany delegation informed that their markets will be ready to absorb tobacco product of Indonesia,” he said as met at Grand Hyatt Hotel, Jakarta, Saturday (26/5).

Agus said that tobacco is one of the best Indonesian export commodities amongst various kinds, so that its export volume must be optimized. “Unfortunately, this well-known commodity becomes less popular and decreases in terms of its plantation area,” he added.

USA previously affirmed that they stopped the flow of tobacco import to protect their domestic cigarette production. Based on data, the total amount of tobacco and tobacco replacing export from Indonesia was US$ 508,800 million in 2008, before the administration of USA import ban.

Indonesia has once proposed an appeal towards World Trade Organization over this ban, concerning USA’s discriminating treatment for Indonesian tobacco.


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Jember Tobacco Absorbs Hundreds of Labours

Tobacco sector in Jember District, East Java Province, is able to absorb hundreds of labours originating from local inhabitant. Mohammad Thamrin – Head of Labour and Transmigration Service, Regency Government of Jember – said that the presence of tobacco sector in Jember for so long can overcome the unemployment issue.  “It is true that tobacco sector can absorb hundreds of labours. Although they are seasonal workers, this fact can undeniably lower the level of unemployment in Jember,” Thamrin said.

According to his explanation, nearly 80% of tobacco labourer in Jember District are dominated by female workers. However, in the initial phase of tobacco planting, there are many male workers required. “Since several years ago, Jember has been known as one of tobacco producer regencies. Therefore, it is not surprising if tobacco sector absorbs quite many labour annually. They usually become labourer in tobacco warehouse and cigarette factory,” he said.

Inline with Thamrin’s statement, Agus Slameto – Head of Public Relation Division, Regency Government of Jember – is optimistic that there will be an increase of tobacco yield in Jember District later on because tobacco demand from many countries is rising. “Tobacco demand to meet international and domestic market need rises annually, so that it will definitely sound good since its promising contribution towards regional revenue of Jember,” Agus said. He added, concerning that potential, production and tobacco quality in Jember need improvement. Hence, world market, especially European countries, will continually order tobacco supply from Jember.


Source : Visijobs-News